Design as a study
Doubts about design as an academic field, especially in Indonesia, have been an issue for a long time. One of the things that causes this is basically the design process is divided into two major parts. First, that design is seen more as a professional field that relies on one's talents. Second, in the process there is a type of 'black box' which is not easily seen as an academic activity in the positivistic era. However, around the 60s academic writings in the field of design and architecture began to emerge. The issue of this edition proves that design is a field of study that has an academic basis.